Isidore Lucien Ducasse (Comte De Lautréamont) (1846 – 1870) - a French poet born in Uruguay. His only works, Les Chants de Maldoror and Poésies, had a major influence on modern literature, particularly on the Surrealists and the Situationists. He died at the age of 24. Les Chants de Maldoror is based on a character called Maldoror, a figure of unrelenting evil who has forsaken God and mankind. The book combines a violent narrative with vivid and often surrealistic imagery.
René François Ghislain Magritte (1898 – 1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist. He became well known for a number of witty and thought-provoking images that fall under the umbrella of surrealism. His work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality.
One of the particularities of Magritte's creativity - his "literariness" in the best sense of the word. Artist communicated with poets and philosophers, studied the works of the XIX century romantics. He was guided in his creative quest by ideas of the great English poet and philosopher Coleridge, who believed that only a generalized image can become an image-symbol, knowl edge is always intuitive and requires intensive work of spirit. Magritte did in 1945 the illustrations for "Les Chants de Maldoror" of Lautréamont. This was a period when, in his work, he searched for new expressive possibilities, but when he saw that his visual language is closest to his own, already well - established manner of expression, he returned to her. However, in his work in general, and in the presented at the exposition lithographs appeared clearly visible in his work shade of cruelty and "black humor." Magritte gives to the surrealist imagination certain solidity, paradoxicality and soreness.
Art of Magritte is often called waking dreams. "My paintings - claimed the artist - are not dreams that put to sleep, but dreams that awaken." And for good reason as an epigraph to one of his self-portraits, Magritte took the following verses of "Les Chants de Maldoror" of Lautréamont :
The exhibited works of Magritte have a magical effect on the mind, excite the imagination of its special atmosphere of mystery. He transforms ordinary things in mythical, giving them a secret. Artist seeks to destroy the usual notion of a well familiar, invariable, forces to see the object in a new dimension, leads the viewer into confusion by an alogism of images, creates a mood of mystery.
Magritte's goal is to force viewer to think. Because of this, his paintings are more like puzzles, but it is no possible to completely unravel them, as they raise questions about the essence of being. Magritte says about deceptive appearances, his mystery, which we usually do not notice.
Magritte's artistic manner, well presented on the exposed graphic works, the manner deliberately impersonal, "factographic", reveals the paradoxical ability to plausible image unthinkable, impossible reality - contrary mermaid, bird-plant. Diverse, but morphologically similar objects share their qualities or are merged into a hybrid - a man-curtain, hand-eye-flames. Or representing the object or its environment in an unusual form, for example, combining architectural elements with something completely foreign to them : the door and crocodile, or strolling along the street rhinoceros.
Illustrations of Magritte for "Les Chants de Maldoror" of Lautréamont are bright and great strength human document, left for us by the brilliant artist. Their ideas and images are relevant today as they are representatives of symbols-images of these realities of life that are relevant today. View works of Magritte forces the viewer to hold an intense spiritual work on the comprehension of their meaning, and thus to comprehend hidden from superficial glance, the deep sense of reality.